Over the past year or two I've read a couple of books and watched a couple of films that personally I think would make epic video games.
The Fall of Final Fantasy Part I: The Decline of Square Enix and Its Flagship Franchise
From the light of dawn they emerged, bearing the instruments that would crystallize their tales, in the hour they were most needed. Conquering all trials put before them and righting the wrongs of the realm, their successes were lauded and admired, recounted and venerated. And when all was done, they became legend.
Such is not only the tale of the original Final Fantasy, but the tale of the company behind its genius: Squaresoft (now Square Enix). In a day when Squaresoft was a small-time studio on the brink of bankruptcy, Final Fantasy took the industry by storm and propelled Square Enix into immense profitability. For the remainder of the century they enjoyed increasing popularity and financial success, culminating in what is arguably their magnum opus, Final Fantasy VII.
Fast forward to the present day. Square Enix, once a thriving company and juggernaut of the industry, is stumbling over mistake after mistake, scrambling to recover. Am I saying they are about to go under? No, but what I am saying is that the company is not what it once was, and worse yet, neither is its flagship franchise, Final Fantasy.
The gradual decline of both Square Enix and Final Fantasy seem to walk hand-in-hand, but in order to illustrate the latter, it’s important to elucidate on the former’s continual missteps since the turn of the century. Now, I have spoken with many people who opine Square Enix and Final Fantasy began tumbling downhill in the late 90s or with the release of Final Fantasy X, and still more who say that Square Enix hasn’t fallen at all and Final Fantasy is stronger than ever. I believe, no matter where it began, it was kicked into fifth gear in 2003 and 2004 with the merger with Enix and the departure of Hironobu Sakaguchi, respectively.
I have no particular hatred toward Enix. In fact, I believe Valkyrie Profile to be one of the greatest games for the original PlayStation, and I haven’t played much else from Enix before the merger to form an opinion off of. However, the company definitely changed after Enix was brought on board. That itself may have not been a huge deal, but when Sakaguchi left Square Enix the next year, Final Fantasy broke free of his influence and began drastically changing. Some say the change is a good thing. I believe it wasn’t.
Perhaps one of the most obvious changes, aside from shifting the combat to be more action-oriented (more on that later), is the increasing characterization in the franchise. To be sure, this began long before Enix entered the picture or anyone thought Sakaguchi would ever remove himself from his greatest creation. Really, it was Final Fantasy IV that first introduced major changes to the franchise. While the first three titles were rife with fetch quests, generic playable characters (I and III simply titled its protagonists the “Warriors of Light”), and basic storylines with a deficit of dialogue, IV revolutionized, injecting far more developed characters into a thought-out, complex story. While the basic elements remained, IV evolved far beyond its predecessors and molded the future of the franchise.
This trend continued through Final Fantasy X, where another tremendous evolution occurred: voice acting. Love it or hate it, the voice acting rendered the characters with more personality, coupled with graphical enhancements that allowed for facial animation to convey emotion. More and more Square Enix’s vision of fleshed-out characters was coming to life, and its end result (thus far) is perfectly illustrated in Final Fantasy XIII and its sequels. (We’ll be discussing XIII in detail in our next installment.)
Another huge influence on Final Fantasy has been the western world. I’m not entirely sure whether this stems from Sakaguchi’s departure, the merger, both, or neither, but it’s definitely there. Granted, a lot of this is rooted in Final Fantasy XI, as well, which took the linear, story-based formula the series has become known for and stuck it in an MMO. Obviously, this was Square Enix’s chance to compete on a new front, but it caused another drastic evolution fueled by the “need” to westernize.
The two prevalent examples are open world exploration and non-linearity. MMOs function this way, but that doesn’t mean non-MMO RPGs have to. Alas, western RPGs such as The Elder Scrolls and Dragon Age have adopted a non-linear approach, and for whatever reason critics and gamers alike have come to expect Final Fantasy to do the same. One of the reasons may be Final Fantasy XII, which aimed to be a MMORPG that wasn’t online. Curiously, however, XIII did a 180 and became probably the most linear game of the franchise.
Then what happened? There was an outcry that the game was too straightforward and didn’t feature enough exploration, so Square Enix took a different direction with the sequels. The primary issue with this is not that critics and fans were wrong about XIII’s linearity; they were wrong about the nature of Final Fantasy as a whole. Perhaps XIII went overboard, but the franchise has never been about exploration and non-linear gameplay. Sure, earlier titles had open world maps and some optional areas like caverns to explore, but even the original game, with such a limited story, was fairly straightforward. With IV, the driving force became story, and a linear plot calls for a linear game. Any choice the player is offered in Final Fantasy is illusory; even Lightning Returns: Final Fantasy XIII, boasting exploration and non-linearity, has one ending (unless you fail to complete the main quests, in which case you are forced to start over from the beginning).
To use an outside example, look at last year’s The Last of Us. I was baffled that people complained about its linearity because the game, by nature, had to be linear. People wanted to see another Dark Souls, where dying had some permanence. But if it did and Joel was killed, how would the story ever progress to its conclusion with just Ellie? Naughty Dog did not seek to create some “make-your-own-ending” game a la Heavy Rain, but a strong, linear story with a definite ending. People seem to have forgotten the merit of linearity and why it is necessary in some games, Final Fantasy chief among them. That pressure is killing the franchise.
What may be killing the franchise even more, however, is Square Enix’s nasty habit of money-grubbing. This is personified impeccably in the Compilation of Final Fantasy VII. Riding on the enormous success of VII, Square Enix sought to treat fans to additional titles set in that world to flesh out the backstory and illustrate what happened to the characters afterward. While I found mild enjoyment in most of the titles, they were largely half-assed messes with so many continuity errors that it’s ludicrous for Square Enix to claim they’re canon to the original game.
I won’t get into all the problems woven into the Compilation, but I believe one of the core problems was a lack of respect for the source material, which has plagued the franchise as a whole. When you completely change plot elements and expect people to accept it even though it makes no sense, you are disrespecting the source material. Yes, it’s their intellectual property, but there is still fan expectation that should be honored. The Compilation is guilty of this in almost every title.
The Final Fantasy series is also guilty of this. Instead of giving fans what they expect, Square Enix is straying far from what the original idea of Final Fantasy was. Now, that’s not all bad; some modernizing is necessary, and without experimentation the series would surely grow stale, but look at its most successful years. The gameplay never really changed much until XI, yet the titles sold extremely well and reception was always positive. That’s not to say Square Enix shouldn’t institute some changes, but they’ve definitely strayed too far from home.
Another problem the Compilation faced, again, stems from western pressure. Dirge of Cerberus: Final Fantasy VII aimed to blend RPG elements with a third-person shooter, an extremely western genre and definitely not characteristic of Final Fantasy. Whether you feel it worked or not, it was definitely a more western title than the series is accustomed to. The Compilation also suffered from several feeble attempts at experimentation. Releasing a title for mobile phones (Before Crisis: Final Fantasy VII) was a bad move, and a lot of the gameplay choices for both Dirge of Cerberus and Crisis Core: Final Fantasy VII hindered the games more than it helped them.
The combat in Crisis Core, incidentally, leads directly into the next (and final) element I feel has contributed to the current state of Final Fantasy: another highly successful Square Enix title, Kingdom Hearts. It wasn’t until Kingdom Hearts launched to immense acclaim that Square Enix began incorporating action-based combat into Final Fantasy. Crisis Core is one of the earliest examples of this, but certainly not the last. Dissidia Final Fantasy expanded upon this (albeit necessarily, given it was a fighting game), as did XIII. In fact, Lightning Returns stripped away almost all semblance of turn-based combat in favor of heavy, fast-paced action.
Much the same, Square Enix has found itself dipping more and more into western trends, even outside the Final Fantasy series. This past decade it has published titles such as Call of Duty (in Japan only), Tomb Raider, and Thief, all of which are glaringly western compared to the company’s trademark titles. Like Square Enix, Final Fantasy is following a trend that is stripping it of its essence and leaving it unremarkable and, if Square Enix isn’t careful, dead. (A term I frequently hear thrown around is “irrelevant.”)
In Part II, we will take a look at the Final Fantasy XIII saga and how it represents most of the flaws stigmatizing the franchise. For now, feel free to share your thoughts and opinions, whether supportive or critical, in the comments!
I found this article to be very interesting. I personally think that SquareEnix has left part of the formula behind, and it's making their games less satisfying (for me anyways). I've played almost every Final Fantasy title (including some mobile ones, I'm not so proud of, lol) and what seems to be missing is the open exploration that the original 8 and 16 bit games had. The moment you get your airship and you find you can explore and find new areas, gain super powerful weapons and fight crippling enemies to grow your characters seems to have left the Final Fantasy Series. Games like DragonQuest and the Tales Series have maintained that aspect and I believe we are seeing the benefit of that in their games.
Can the series be saved? Where there's a flicker of hope, there is hope...
Square isn't doing well because they aren't making the game that everybody really wants: Chrono Trigger 3.
Final Fantasy VII was a great game simply because there was so much to do. It was chocked full of optional bosses, extra caves to explore and mini games that are only essential to the collector. VIII fell slightly short in that department, but made up for it in story and gameplay (let's face it: the gameplay in VII was awkward at best).
FF IX is where the wheels started falling off the wagon. That installment was just awful all the way around. The characters were annoying, the story was weak and it just didn't seem like there was anything outside the main quest to do. I never managed to get past disc 2 because I was bored to tears.
FF-X and FF-X2 were great games, but they weren't great Final Fantasy games. They abandoned or watered down a lot in the way of traditional Final Fantasy elements, but they added so much more. Powerful stories, great graphics, some of the best gameplay the franchise had ever seen and characters that you could really care about. When I revisit the older Final Fantasy games, these are the games I play.
Honestly, I sort of lost track of the franchise after that because of the whole ridiculousness of the "console wars" market. If I'm going to pay $500 for a gaming system, it's going to be a PC.
That is true. Gaining the airships typically opened up a lot of possibilities.
I'll be discussing how the series can be redeemed in Part III. Should be up sometime next week. And thanks for the kind words.
An example of Square Enix ignoring consumer demands. I'll be covering that in Part II, albeit in the context of Final Fantasy, since that is what this series is focusing on.
@Hosfac VII was outstanding. I attribute its greatness more to the story than anything else, but the side quests and optional bosses were rewarding to conquer! I actually found the Materia system in VII to be a lot less awkward than the Junction system in VIII, but that's personal taste. (I actually prefer the likes of IV, VI, and X, where each character has their separate class.)
I agree about IX. I beat it, but thought it was awful.
X is probably my second-favorite FF (after VII), but X-2 was forgettable to me. A lot of the changes that were occurring in the previous games (most notably VII, VIII, and IX) came to a head in X, much the same way the changes in all the games after X/X-2 have come to a head in the XIII games (you can read about that in Part II, which will be published in the next day or two).
I'm a PlayStation man all the way. Never paid $500 for a system, though. I can see why people prefer PC, too.
All in all, very interesting perspective. Glad to hear from you!
True, but it's a simple business model in my opinion. If you ignore what your audience wants, especially when they know what you are capable of doing, they'll soon begin to ignore you back. Sure, Square has made some excellent creative games like Kingdom Hearts, which was a hit, but the demand for that one game that would most likely sell millions, IF done correctly, will always be there.
@Stephen Pollard I really like X-2 as a game. I like the pace of the combat and the fact that the world is completely open from the start. I also think that the way they did the character roles was unique, interesting and well thought out. And while the storyline was somewhat linear, you did have a small measure of control over how things turned out in the end.
With that said, it just doesn't meet expectations when compared to the rest of the franchise. It just didn't feel like a Final Fantasy game.
Oh, I was agreeing with you. Unfortunately, at this stage there's still enough support for Square Enix for the company execs to make excuses. In response to XIII criticisms, they've basically shrugged it off. Some might say that's good because the company's doing what they want; I think it's bad because it shows they aren't listening to their fanbase. They're also TRYING to please their fanbase, they're just making mistakes and then acting like it's no biggie.
I think a good sequel to Chrono Trigger could sell well, but after Chrono Cross I doubt Square's up for it.
I thought there were good ideas in X-2, but it felt too silly and, like you said, nothing like a Final Fantasy game. While earlier titles had a lot of humor, there was still this weight to them. I think X-2 was the first FF title to completely strip away that weight, and the result was very non-Final Fantasy.